Glossary of Terms
Glossary of Acronyms
Glossary of Mental Health Terms
Comprehensive List of LGBATQQI + Term Definitions
Definition of Terms: Sex, Gender, Gender Identity, Sexual Orientation - American Psychological Association
Sexual Orientation and Gender Identity Definitions - The Human Right Campaign
Gender Diversity Terminology
The National Geographic Association special issue on global variations of gender - 01/17

Glossary of Terms

This Glossary of Key Terms and Acronym List includes terminology important to stakeholders in the field and commonly found throughout our materials and resources.

Active Shooter: Someone who is “actively engaged in killing or attempting to kill people in a confined and populated area.”

Annexes: (Functional): The (APPENDIX) section of a plan that details the goals, objectives, and courses of action related to functions (e.g., evacuation, communications, recovery) that apply across multiple threats and/or hazards. These set forth how the district or school will manage a function before, during, and after an emergency.

Annexes: (Threat- and Hazard-Specific): The (APPENDIX) section of a plan that specifies the goals, objectives, and courses of action that a district or school will follow to address a particular type of threat or hazard (e.g., hurricane, active shooter). These set forth how the district or school will manage a threat or hazard before, during, and after an emergency.

Basic Plan: The section of the EOP that provides an overview of the district’s or school’s approach to operations before, during, and after an emergency. This section addresses the overarching activities the district or school will undertake regardless of the function, threat, or hazard.

Community Organizations: Those entities within the community that can support emergency management for schools (e.g., Red Cross, Boys & Girls Club, faith-based organizations).

Community Partners: Those with a responsibility in school emergency management, including local government, first responders (law enforcement officers, fire officials, and emergency medical services personnel), as well as public and mental health entities.

Continuity of Operations Plan (COOP): That portion of a district EOP which provides for the continuity of essential services during an emergency and its immediate aftermath up to 30 days.

Courses of Action: The what, who, when, where, why, and how for each threat, hazard, and function within an EOP.

District Plan: A local education agency (LEA) or school district EOP.

Emergency Operations Plan (EOP): A safety plan that specifies procedures sites must follow before, during, and after potential emergency events, and in response to both threats and hazards.

Goals: Broad, general statements that indicate a desired outcome in response to the threat or hazard identified within an EOP.

Hazards: Potential dangerous events which include natural disasters, disease outbreaks, and accidents.

Incident Command System (ICS): A standardized approach for incident management, regardless of cause, size, location, or complexity.LEA: Local Education Agency; a school district; Law Enforcement Agency

Mitigation: The capabilities necessary to eliminate or reduce the loss of life and property damage by lessening the impact of an event or emergency; and, reducing the likelihood that threats and hazards will happen.

Objectives: Specific, measurable actions that are necessary to achieve the goal(s) identified within an EOP.

Prevention: The capabilities necessary, and the actions taken, to avoid, deter, or stop an imminent crime or threatened or actual mass casualty incident.

Protection: The capabilities, and ongoing actions, to secure districts and schools (including students, teachers, staff, visitors, networks, and property) against acts of violence and manmade or natural disasters.

RCW: The Revised Code of Washington; the laws which districts and schools must follow.

Recovery: The capabilities necessary to assist schools within the district (and the district overall) affected by an event or emergency in restoring the learning environment.

Response: The capabilities necessary to stabilize an emergency once it has already happened or is certain to happen in an unpreventable way; establish a safe and secure environment; save lives and property; and facilitate the transition to recovery.

Safety Plan: See: Emergency Operations Plan

School: A school building or campus.

School District: A local education agency (LEA).

School Plan: A school building or campus safety / EOP.

Threats: Potentially dangerous events which are human-caused such as crime and violence.Education-Related Acronyms

Glossary of Acronyms


  • ADA Americans with Disabilities Act
  • AESD Association of Educational Service Districts
  • AG Attorney General
  • AAG Assistant Attorney General (Plural: Assistant Attorneys General)
  • ALE Alternative Learning Experience
  • AMAO Annual Measurable Achievement Objectives
  • AP Advanced Placement
  • APCAC Admissions & Professional Conduct Advisory Committee
  • ASCA American School Counselors Association
  • AWARE Advanced Wellness and Resilience in Education
  • AWMLP Association of Washington Middle Level Principals
  • AWSP Association of Washington School Principals
  • AYP Adequate Yearly Progress


  • BEA Basic Education Allocation
  • BEST Beginning Teacher Support Team
  • BIE Bureau of Indian Education


  • CAA Certificate of Academic Achievement
  • CACFP Child and Adult Care Food Program
  • CBA Classroom-Based Assessment
  • CBI Content-Based Instruction
  • CBPA Classroom-Based Performance Assessment
  • CCSS Common Core State Standards
  • CCSSO Council of Chief State School Officers
  • CDC Center for Disease Control and Prevention
  • CEDARS Comprehensive Education Data and Research System
  • CEDS Common Education Data Standards
  • CGCP Comprehensive Guidance and Counseling Program
  • CHA Commission on Hispanic Affairs
  • CHS College in the High School
  • CJCT Criminal Justice Training Commission
  • COE Collection of Evidence
  • COOP Continuity of Operations Plan
  • COP Council of Presidents
  • CPN College Planning Network
  • CPWI Community Prevention & Wellness Initiative
  • CRESD Capital Region ESD 113
  • CSEC Commercial Sexual Exploitation of Children
  • CSO Campus Safety (Security) Officer
  • CTE Career & Technical EducationD
  • DBHR Division of Behavioral Health and Recovery
  • DEL Department of Early Learning
  • DES Department of Enterprise Services
  • DEWIS Dropout Early Warning and Intervention System
  • DHS Department of Homeland Security
  • DOE Department of Education
  • DOD Department of Defense
  • DPI DEWIS Planning and Implementation


  • ECEAP Early Childhood Educational Assistance Program
  • EDS Education Data System
  • ELA English Language Arts
  • ELL English Language Learners
  • ELP English Language Proficiency
  • EMD Emergency Management Department
  • EOC End of Course
  • EOGOAC Educational opportunity Gap Oversight & Accountability Committee
  • EOP Emergency Operations (Safety) Plan
  • ERDC Education Research and Data Center
  • ESD Education Service District
  • ESA Education Staff Associate
  • ESEA Elementary & Secondary Education Act
  • ESPAW Elementary School Principals Association of Washington


  • FAQ Frequently Asked Questions
  • FEMA Federal Emergency Management Agency
  • FERPA Family Educational Rights and Privacy Act
  • FFVP Fresh Fruit and Vegetable Program
  • FMLA Family and Medical Leave Act
  • FRLP Free & Reduced-Price Lunch Program
  • FTE Full Time Equivalent


  • GATE Graduation: A Team Effort
  • GED General Education Development
  • GAP Graduation Alternative Program
  • GRADS Graduation, Reality and Dual-Role Skills


  • HBI Home-based Instruction
  • HECB Washington Student Achievement Council
  • HERO Higher Education Readiness OpportunityHIB Harassment, Intimidation, Bullying
  • HIPAA Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act
  • HSBP High School & Beyond Plan
  • HSPE High School Proficiency Exam
  • HYS Healthy Youth Survey


  • IB International Baccalaureate
  • ICS Incident Command System
  • IDEA Individuals with Disabilities ACT
  • ISS Integrated Student Services
  • ITS Information Technology Services


  • JAG Jobs for America’s Graduates
  • JLARC Joint Legislative Audit and Review Committee
  • JWG Jobs for Washington’s Graduates


  • LAP Learning Assistance Program
  • LEA Local Education Agency
  • Law Enforcement Agency
  • Legislative SB Senate Bill
  • HB House Bill
  • SSB or SHB Substitute Senate or House Bill
  • ESSB or ESHB Engrossed Substitute Senate or House Bill
  • LGBTQ Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, Transgender, Questioning Youth


  • MEA Meeting Expense Authorization
  • MCEC Military Child Education Coalition
  • MEP Migrant Education Program
  • MIC3 Military Interstate Children’s Compact Commission
  • MISA Military Impacted Schools Association
  • MSP Measurements of Student Progress
  • MTSS Multi-Tiered System of Supports


  • NAEP National Assessment of Education Progress
  • NAEP National Association of Environmental Professionals
  • NAGC National Association for Gifted Children
  • NBPTS National Board for Professional Teaching Standards
  • NCLB No Child Left Behind Act
  • NIMS National Incident Management System
  • NITT-TA Now Is the Time-Technical Assistance (Project AWARE)
  • NCESD North Central ESD (ESD 171)NSLP National School Lunch Program
  • NWAIS Northwest Association of Independent Schools
  • NWESD Northwest Educational Service District (ESD 189)


  • OCR Office of Civil Rights
  • OCR Office of Code Reviser
  • OESD Olympic Educational Service District (ESD 114)
  • OEO Office of Education Ombuds
  • OFM Office of Financial Management
  • OIP Opportunity Internship Program
  • OPP Office of Professional Practices
  • OSPI Office of Superintendent of Public Instruction


  • PASS Pay for Actual Student Success
  • PBIS Positive Behavior and Intervention Supports
  • PDC Public Disclosure Commission
  • PDF Portable Document Format
  • PDP Performance and Development Plan
  • PEBB Public Employees Benefits Board
  • PERC Public Employment Relations Commission
  • PESB Professional Educator Standards Board
  • PLC Professional Learning Community
  • PLD Proficiency Level Descriptors
  • PPD-8 Presidential Policy Directive 8 (FEMA)
  • PSAC Private School Advisory Committee
  • PSESD Puget Sound Educational Service District (ESD 121)


  • Q&A Questions and Answers
  • QEC Quality Education Council


  • REMS Readiness and Emergency Management for Schools
  • RCCI Residential Child Care Institutions
  • RCW Revised Code of Washington (law)
  • REAP Rural Education Achievement Program
  • RS Running Start
  • RTI Response to Intervention
  • RTL Readiness to Learn


  • SAMHSA Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration
  • SAPISP Student Assistance Prevention-Intervention ProgramSBAC Smarter Balanced Assessment
  • SBCTC State Board for Community & Technical Colleges
  • SBE State Board of Education (also see W)
  • SBP School Breakfast Program
  • SEA State Education Agency
  • SFSP Summer Food Service Program
  • SHECAT Sexual Health Education Curriculum Analysis Tool
  • SI Sheltered Instruction
  • SIRS School Information and Research Service
  • SLP Student Learning Plans
  • SNOW School Nurses Organization of Washington
  • SOS Secretary of State
  • SRO School Resource Officer (a commissioned law enforcement officer)
  • SSAC School Safety Advisory Committee
  • SSO School Security Officer (Also: CSO-Campus Safety (Security) Officer);
  • Seamless Summer Option
  • STARS Student Transport Allocation Reporting System
  • Statewide Training Automated Registration System


  • TA Travel Authorization
  • TBIP Transitional Bilingual Education Program
  • TE Time & Effort
  • TE Travel Expense


  • USDA United States Department of Agriculture
  • USDOE United States Department of Education


  • WAC Washington Administrative Code (rule)
  • WACTE Washington Association for Career & Technical Education
  • WAETAG Washington Association of Educators of the Talented and Gifted
  • WAHPERD Washington Alliance for Health, Physical Education, Recreation, and Dance
  • WaKIDS Washington Kindergarten Inventory of Developing Skills
  • WALA Washington Association of Learning Alternatives
  • WAMOA Washington Association of Maintenance and Operations Administrators
  • WASA Washington School Administrators Association
  • WASBO Washington Association of School Business Officials
  • WASPC Washington Association of Sheriffs and Police Chiefs
  • WCHSCR Washington Council for High School/College Relations
  • WDC Workforce Development Council
  • WEA Washington Education Association
  • WELPA Washington English Language Proficiency Assessment
  • WERA Washington Educational Research Association
  • WFIS Washington Federation of Independent Schools
  • WHO Washington Homeschool OrganizationWIAA Washington Interscholastic Activities Association
  • WINS Washington Integrated Nutrition System
  • WSAC Washington Student Achievement Council
  • WSBE Washington State Board of Education (also see S)
  • WSCA Washington School Counselors Association
  • WSFC Washington State Fusion Center
  • WSLA Washington State Leadership Academy
  • WSIPC Washington School Information Processing Cooperative
  • WSIPP Washington State Institute for Public Policy
  • WSPA Washington School Personnel Association
  • WSPTA Washington State Parent/Teacher Association
  • WSSDA Washington State School Directors Association
  • WSSRA Washington State School Retirees’ Association