Suicide: Middle School Resources

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Middle School
Signs of Suicide in Middle Schools
All Resources Related to Middle School
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Middle School

Middle school is an important setting for supporting mental health and suicide prevention among youth. Bullying and cyberbullying are key risk factors to consider. A comprehensive approach to suicide prevention in this setting should include efforts targeting groups at risk, as well as general activities aimed at creating a positive and supportive school environment and promoting connectedness for all students. Training school personnel in suicide prevention and identifying school and community resources for students and families at risk are other key strategies for these settings.

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See All Resources Related to Middle School (below) for a full list of materials, programs, trainings, and other information available from SPRC. Use the filters on the left to narrow your results.

For more on other settings and groups, see our Settings and Populations pages.

Signs of Suicide in Middle Schools

A study to evaluate the effects of the Signs of Suicide (SOS) program in middle schools found that, three months after completing the program, children who participated in SOS were significantly more knowledgeable about suicide and depression than children who had not participated in the program. Children who reported suicidal ideation prior to participating in the program were 96 percent less likely to report suicidal behaviors (ideation, planning, and attempts) three months after participating in SOS than children with prior ideation who had not participated in the program.

The impact of the SOS program on the prevalence of suicidal behaviors among middle school students with prior suicidal ideation is a finding unique to this study, and the researchers note that it needs replication. When the effect on all the children was analyzed, children who participated in SOS were not significantly less likely to report suicidal behaviors than children who had not participated in SOS. There were also no significant differences in help-seeking behaviors between children who had participated in the program and children who had not.

This study involved fifth- to eighth-grade students at middle schools with a relatively high percentage of students with parents in the military. These schools were chosen because “high military impact” schools like these may, in the words of the authors, “be in particular need of efficacious suicide prevention efforts because many risk factors for adolescent suicide are consequences of, or inherent in the experience of, parental deployment.” Such risk factors include family conflict and depression and anxiety in both the children and their non-deployed parents.

This summary is from: Schilling, E., Lawless, M., Buchanan, L., & Aseltine, R. H. (2014). “Signs of Suicide” shows promise as a middle school suicide prevention program. Suicide and Life-Threatening Behavior 44(6), 653-657

All Resources Related to Middle School

Networks for Life: An Educator's Role in Youth Suicide Prevention

School-Based Mental Health Services and Suicide Risk

Signs of Suicide in Middle Schools

At-Risk for Middle School Educators

Gryphon Place Gatekeeper Suicide Prevention Program-A Middle School Curriculum

PREPaRE School Crisis Prevention and Intervention Training Curriculum (2nd Edition)

Break Free from Depression: A 4-Session Curriculum Addressing Adolescent Depression

ALABAMA: Athens School Board Approves Youth Suicide Prevention Policy

SOS Signs of Suicide Middle School and High School Prevention Programs

Preventing Suicide: A Toolkit for High Schools 230 page PDF

Riverside Trauma Center postvention guidelines

Texas suicide safer schools

Suicide Prevention: Supporting our Youth

Umatter for Schools Youth Suicide Prevention

Creating Suicide Safety in Schools

Journey to Wellness

Preventing suicidal behavior among lesbian, gay, bisexual and transgender youth: Developing LGBT cultural competence

Step In, Speak Up!: Supporting LGBTQ Students

2013 GLS COMBINED ANNUAL Grantee Meeting "The Evolving Paradigm: New Directions for Suicide Prevention

Real Teenagers Talking about Depression: A Video-Based Study Guide

Just Talk About It: Suicide Prevention Toolkit

Youth suicide prevention education

2012 Garrett Lee Smith SUICIDE PREVENTION Combined Grantee Meeting

Bullying and Suicide Prevention - Webnar

Data source: Youth Risk Behavior Surveillance System 2015 2017 due 6/14/18

Sources of Strength

Responding After a Suicide: Best Practices for Schools

After a Suicide: A Toolkit for Schools - 49 page PDF

Illinois gatekeeper evaluation reports

Healthy Education for Life Program (HELP)

Multisystemic Therapy With Psychiatric Supports (MST-Psychiatric)

Suicide Prevention: A Gatekeeper Training for School Personnel

Plan, Prepare, Prevent: The SOS Signs of Suicide® Online Gatekeeper Training

Connect Suicide Postvention Training

American Indian Life Skills (AILS)

Adolescent Suicide Prevention Program Manual 57 page PDF

Connect Suicide Prevention/Intervention Training

Maximizing the return of parent consent forms